Network security does not consist on installing firewalls or antivirus, but it is much more than that. According to leading ICT consulting firm’s network security largely depends on security testing. Because testing particularly hosts a whole lot of activity. That is why it is very important to make security testing a fully functional activity. However, most companies have no idea about this and they often neglect this very important activity. Here is what is security testing and why it is often given top priority by ICT consultants.
Security testing largely depend on 6 principals, these principals are the cornerstone of every kind of testing. And in order to determine whether your security testing is successful or not, these principals should be followed to get optimal results. Here we are discussing them in detail:
Confidentiality: It is kind of principal focus on things kept in private/confidential. The purpose is to keep everyone or at least third parties away from valuable information or assets.
Authorization: it refers to giving the control of a whole system or its module to a reliable individual.
Integrity: Integrity is linked to protecting the information so that the unauthorized parties cannot modify that.
Availability: It refers to the provision to access specific information or application.
Authentication: it is linked to the legitimacy of a software or process, that no unauthorized person can get access to it.
Non-repudiation: it refers to avoid any kind of conflict between sender and receiver and to solve the issue non-repudiation principle is used.
These six principals are the basics of testing, but they are implemented on certain processes and here is how they work.Every principal is implemented on a certain process which is often done on databases and the whole database is used structured using SQL forms. Now when all above principles fall short somewhere, the language itself become vulnerable to unauthorized resources. Now comes why we need to perform security tests?
What is the Purpose of Security Tests?
Most ICT consultant agree on this that a security test is a set of process which is concerned with the testing of every activity linked to security of a system, and to ensure that the tests are result oriented.
Here are four major steps which are taken care during security testing. And for enterprises want to keep their integrity in this tough, complicated world should take care of these important things.
Data Access: Data access refers to the accessibility of any data which is a property of an organization. The access is limited to only a few people or even a specific individual who is considered to be the manager or the CEO of the company. The reason of limiting access to a certain individual is to protect data from unauthorized access.
Network security: Network security refers to a level of security where the whole network and its communication with the outer world are considered secured. There are various levels in network security which should be applied to protect the network from malicious attacks.
Authentication: it refers to the authenticity of any program, application, whether it can or cannot access the valuable information.
Encryption: It is some kind of protecting common information, for example, using password protection.