Imagine that a crime has been committed. The police immediately arrive at the crime scene, but the perpetrator or the suspect has already vanished, leaving in his/her trail a dumb, mute, defenseless and traumatized victim. The crime could be violent in nature or it could just be a non-violent mugging. The police immediately tend to the victim and the investigative team gets to work. Detectives, forensic analysts, doctors, news reporters all ventures into the gory business and try to figure or recreate exactly what happened, after the damage has been assessed. Over the next few months (if the case is complicated), a story begins to unfold, the case is taken up in a court of law and maybe the perpetrator is caught and brought to justice. Maybe the crime remains unsolved and security tightens as a preventive measure. Much like this scenario, crimes that are cyber in nature are committed.
Ever since the increased and highly popular use of personal computers, the incident of cyber crimes has risen. These crimes can include high level robberies and intellectual theft or even regular piracy or fraud. Either way, privacy has been violated many times since the use of personal computers since it gives access to whoever is using. Our increasing dependency on technology doesn’t really help the matter. There might be 1 out of every 5 people who does not have all his/her personal information like card numbers, bank information, passwords, etc. on their phones and also backed up on their computers. This kind of information sharing gives cyber criminals more ground to cover when it comes to criminal activities. Again, much like in other scenarios, there is a proper legal channel to address such crimes and highlight these issues. Cyber Forensics and Information Security is a newly developing field which looks into cyber crime of all natures and works on providing effective security solutions, much like companies designing and providing burglar alarm systems to private offices, institutions and houses.
The difference between Cyber Forensics and Information Security Systems and regular anti-viruses or security systems is that cyber forensics follow a legal pathway that can be traced and is used for such purposes, known as an ‘audit trail’. Between 2002 and 2003, the rate of cyber crime increased by an astonishing 67%. These crimes included cyber stalking, fraud, child pornography, espionage and even murder. Even today, these crimes will prevail and cyber forensics aims to follow them in order to uncover certain truths. Since everything these days is done online or involves technology in some way or the other, since that can give criminals the advantage of remaining anonymous, this field had to be developed and legalized so that it could be presented in a court of law.
In the coming world, things are becoming increasingly insecure as we open up more and more channels of free communication. At the same time, security systems are becoming more and more sophisticated, and that’s a reaffirming thought. We believe that investing in a good security system for any kind of business is always a good idea and it will also help reduce cyber crime.